Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics


Scholarena Journals requires all authors to adhere to the ethical standards as prescribed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM), and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

Duties of Editors

Publication decision

The editor is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. The copyright infringement and plagiarism should also be considered.

Fair play

The editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy.


The editors and any other editorial staff should not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper should not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author's clear written consent.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to editorial decisions

The reviewer’s assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may help the author in improving quality of the paper.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript then he/she must notify the editor immediately and withdraw from the review process.


The manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor. The reviewers cannot use for own research purposes without the author's clear written consent.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources

If reviewers find cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. Then, they should point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers should notify the editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and must not be used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interests.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

Authors presenting the original research reports should present accurate details of the work performed as well as the objective and discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. The paper should contain sufficient details and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Authors should be able to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available. Authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

Submitting same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical and is unacceptable. Papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal.

Authorship of the paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors.

The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.